Signs Of Dehydration In Adults
If you are someone who exercises often or just someone who sweats a bunch, you should know about the signs of dehydration in adults.
There are several things that will show signs of dehydration in adults. Dehydration can be caused by such things as not drinking enough, severe diarrhea, or excessive sweating.If you have mild or moderate dehydration, you can easily correct the problem by taking in more fluids. The problem gets serious when the dehydration becomes severe. This is when you may have to have IV fluids to correct the condition.
Signs and Symptoms of Mild To Moderate Dehydration
- Dry mouth
- Increased thirstiness
- Feeling sleepy or fatigued all the time
- Urine that Is more yellow than usual
- Having flaky or dry skin
- Headache from low blood volume
The Following Symptoms Of Severe Dehydration
- Lightheaded or very severe dizziness.
- Orthostatic hypotension – This is when your blood pressure drops severely, especially when you try to get back up after sitting or lying down.
- Increased heart rate as the heart is trying to compensate for low blood volume
- State of confusion
- Falling Into a coma
- Life threatening extreme shock
Dehydration can sometimes just sneak up on, especially if you are highly engaged in an activity or are in a sickened state. As soon as you start to feel any symptoms, you should start to hydrate yourself.
Mild To Moderate Dehydration Treatment
Mild symptoms can be taken care of by drinking more fluids Water is one of the best choices for treating dehydration. Other great choices can include sports drinks such as Gatorade or PowerAde. These drinks will also give you electrolytes, which can be lost in sweating, diarrhea, or vomiting. If your symptoms are from being sick, your doctor can prescribe some anti-nausea medication.
Treating Dehydration That Is Severe
If you are suffering from severe dehydration or showing some of the symptoms of severe dehydration that are listed above, you may want to go to the hospital. Severe dehydration will need IV fluid intake. IV fluids will help restore your electrolyte balance. IV fluids contain a sugar and salt solution that contain the needed electrolytes. It may just take as little as a liter of IV fluid to start to eliminate the dehydration symptoms or as much as 5 or more liters of IV fluids to help.
Severe Dehydration Complications
One of the main complications of severe dehydration that can happen, besides having seizures, is the damage that can be done to the kidneys. The kidneys need fluid to flush tubules and if there is no fluid, kidney failure is something that can happen. The kidneys, without fluid, can shut down and only go back to normal functioning with the careful replacement of the much needed fluids. Time in replacing the fluids is important also. If you try and replace the fluids too fast, cerebral edema and electrolyte disturbance within the brain can occur.
One way to avoid these horrible consequences is to drink water on a regular basis. This can be easily done when you always have access to water. Try and keep a water bottle close to you at all times, whether it be at work or at home. Carry a smaller one with you in your bag and refill it throughout the day. I hope you now have a better understanding on the signs of dehydration in adults and take the necessary steps to prevent it from happening.